1944 New York Academy of Medicine report prepared for Mayor Fiorello LaGuardia’s commission, appointed in 1939 to study the effects of marihuana use in the US, that concluded the publicity concerning the catastrophic effects of marihuana smoking is unfounded, marihuana is not the determining factor in the commission of major crimes, marihuana smoking is not widespread among school children, and the gateway drug theory is without foundation. The report was condemned by “drug czarHarry Anslinger.

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